Watering Hole Campaign Use Latest Java and IE Vulnerabilities
Through a collaboration with (Jindrich Kubec (@Jindroush), Director of Threat Intelligence at avast! / Eric Romang (@eromang), independent security researcher), we can confirm that the watering hole campaigns are still ongoing, targeting multiple web high value web sites, including as example a major Hong Kong political party. We can also confirm that a second major Hong Kong political party is victim of this watering hole campaign.
This website is actually using the new version of the original Internet Explorer (CVE-2012-4792) vulnerability attack, patched in MS13-008, but right now it’s also using the latest Java (CVE-2013-0422) vulnerability, patched in Oracle Java 7 Update 11.
We will provide you further details on the affected web sites after their cleaning.
This website is a legitimate compromised website used for hosting the exploit files, hosted in South Korea.
This include file uses the well-known “deployJava” function, aka “deployJava.js“, and creates a cookie “Somethingeeee” with one day expiration date. This cookie is quite strange and it’s also possible to find it in years old exploits, which suggests this is only a part of greater, long-going operation.
If Internet Explorer 8 is used , an iframe is load from”hxxp://www.[REDACTED].org/board/data/m/mt.html” file. Otherwise and if Oracle Java is detected, an iframe will load “hxxp://www.[REDACTED].org/board/data/m/javamt.html“.
Analysis of “mt.html“
https://www.virustotal.com/file/58588ce6d0a1e042450946b03fa4cd92ac1b4246cb6879a7f50a0aab2a84086a/analysis/ (avast detects this code as JS:Bogidow-A [Expl] through Script Shield component).
Comparing to the original CFR and Capstone Turbine versions, this code is not targeting certain browser supported language, but the code is based on the version used on CFR with “boy” and “girl” patterns.
The executable file can be extracted from the string by cutting of first 13 characters, converting hex chars to binary and xoring the whole binary blob with 0xBF. Resulting file with SHA256 CE6C5D2DCF5E9BDECBF15E95943F4FFA845F8F07ED2D10FD6E544F30A9353AD2 is RAT which is communicating with a domain hosted in Hong Kong by New World Telecom.
Analysis of “javamt.html“
“javamt.html” (b32bf36160c7a3cc5bc765672f7d6f2c) is checking if Oracle Java 7 is present, if yes latest Java vulnerability, CVE-2013-0422, will be executed through “AppletHigh.jar” (521eab796271254793280746dbfd9951). If Oracle Java 6 is present, “AppletLow.jar” (2062203f0ecdaf60df34b5bdfd8eacdc) will exploit CVE-2011-3544. Both these applets contain the very same binary mentioned above (unencrypted).
As you see, the watering hole campaign still continues, but has evolved in form but also by using the latest Oracle Java vulnerability. There is just one advise: patch, patch, patch… and see you soon.
I recommend you to read these related posts
- Reporters Without Borders Victim of Watering Hole Campaign
- MS13-008 Patch Internet Explorer CVE-2012-4792 0day Vulnerability
- Microsoft Internet Explorer CButton Vulnerability Metasploit Demo
- Microsoft Out-Of-Band Patch for Internet Explorer CVE-2012-4792 Vulnerability
- Attack and IE 0day Informations Used Against Council on Foreign Relations
- Capstone Turbine Corporation Also Targeted in the CFR Watering Hole Attack And More
- Microsoft Release Security Advisory MSA-2794220 for CFE Internet Explorer 0day
- KaiXin Exploit Kit Evolutions
- Department of Labor Watering Hole Campaign Review
- Year 2012 Main Exploitable Vulnerabilities Interactive Timeline